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Why Israel-Palestine Peace Depends on a Two-State Solution

The importance of a two-state solution has grown more and more clear in the wake of the Israel-Gaza conflict and the mounting call for a long-term settlement to the ongoing conflict.

The need for reform in the region is evident from the recent confrontation between Israel and Hamas, which resulted in the tragic loss of over 1,400 lives and the capture of over 220 others. The idea put up by French President Emmanuel Macron for an international alliance to tackle this problem suggests that defeating Hamas is not just an Israeli issue but also a global imperative.

Although the military war against Hamas is vital, it cannot heal the profound wounds caused during this time of terror on its own. The choices made in the aftermath will determine how the area develops in the future. In order to preserve Israel's character as a democratic nation-state and to reduce tensions with its neighbors, it is imperative to establish a political vision that leads to a two-state solution.

Regarding Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's leadership style, he may be unfit to hold such a position of authority during these difficult times. The two-state solution has not advanced as a result of Netanyahu's actions and policies. Peace has been hampered by his support for the separation of Gaza and the West Bank, the release of Hamas detainees, and the prohibition on attempts to restore Gaza.

Netanyahu's aim to stop the establishment of a sovereign Palestinian state has motivated his reluctance to pursue a two-state solution. Nonetheless, Israel's character as a democratic state for the Jewish people depends on partition. The status quo, which is typified by the isolation of Gaza and different legal systems for Jews and Palestinians in the West Bank, cannot continue.

According to a recent report, 78 percent of Israelis supported a two-state solution prior to Benjamin Netanyahu's leadership, demonstrating the public's preparedness for it. More Israelis still favor this notion over any other one, despite his attempts to stifle it. The first step toward a two-state settlement is the ousting of Hamas from power in Gaza. Even if it will be a difficult task, it is necessary for the future.

The international community which includes the US, Israel, and the Palestinian Authority must work with Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Jordan, and other Arab neighbors to set up a transitional period that is centered on reestablishing infrastructure and order in Gaza. Negotiations may be centered on the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative after this transitional period.

Israeli officials need to present the Palestinians with a peace vision that upholds their national dignity. A better, more appealing notion needs to emerge, even though Hamas's plan is centered on violence and the expulsion of Jews from the Middle East permanently. It ought to produce a situation in which Israelis and Palestinians benefit equally.


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