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Why Is Russia Exiting Nuclear Test Ban Treaty?



Russia has decided to revoke its ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) lately. Russia's parliament ratified this pact in 2000, outlawing the testing and detonation of nuclear weapons.


This move is concerning because it could have an impact on international security, but it's also concerning because the US has never ratified the CTBT. The timing and appropriateness of this choice are called into question by Russia's justification for it as well as the larger backdrop of nuclear testing activities by the US and Russia.


Claiming that the move to cancel the CTBT ratification reflects US policy, Russian President Vladimir Putin has justified it. The claim being made here is that Russia's actions are a reaction to US policy on the treaty. It is significant to remember that the 1963 Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which expressly forbids nuclear weapons testing above ground, is still in effect and is shared by both the US and Russia. This implies that, with the exception of tests carried out underground, both countries are required to abstain from such testing.


But all nuclear testing, even those carried out underground, are prohibited by the CTBT, from which Russia is withdrawing. The pact represents a major international endeavor to limit the proliferation and development of nuclear weapons. One could argue that Russia's move to cancel its ratification of this treaty undermines the global nuclear disarmament consensus.


A recent nuclear strike drill performed by Russia has increased the ambiguity around this choice. This raises questions over Russia's commitment to nuclear disarmament, even though it does not necessarily mean that live nuclear tests will resume soon. This simulation's timing, which comes just after Russia's statement that it would be leaving the CTBT, is also questionable. It's critical to see these acts as potentially political statements that are detrimental to efforts toward nuclear disarmament and international security.


The response from Russia to the United States' intention to carry out a nuclear test, according to Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov, was intended to send a political statement. According to him, Russia would have to respond in kind if the US decided to pursue large-scale nuclear testing. Concerns about a new arms race are raised by this kind of tit-for-tat attitude to nuclear testing, which might have disastrous effects for international security.


Despite being billed as a chemical and radioisotope test to improve predictive explosion models, the US nuclear test in Nevada has drawn criticism, particularly in light of Russia's decision to withdraw from the CTBT. It is quite disturbing to have the suspicion that nuclear testing could be used as a political ploy or a show of force.


Prioritizing communication, cooperation, and adherence to international agreements is crucial for Russia, the US, and other nuclear-armed countries at a time when efforts worldwide are concentrated on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. Reversing the CTBT ratification is not the appropriate course of action at this time; instead, a commitment to peace, stability, and the elimination of nuclear weapons should be the first priorities.


The international community ought to keep a careful eye on this development and push all countries to reiterate their commitment to living in a world free from the threat of nuclear war.

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