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Why Should US Return to Iran Nuclear Deal?



In a world that often seems fraught with tension and discord, opportunities for diplomacy and cooperation should be seized and celebrated. Recent developments have presented the United States with such an opportunity - the chance to re-engage with Iran in a meaningful way by returning to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal.


Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi's call for the US to demonstrate its "goodwill and determination" to revive the agreement after the prisoner swap is a golden opportunity that should not be ignored.


The Iran nuclear deal, a landmark diplomatic achievement signed in 2015, sought to limit Iran's nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief. It was a culmination of years of painstaking negotiations between Iran and six world powers: the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Russia, and China. The JCPOA represented a significant step toward global peace and stability, with Iran agreeing to stringent limitations on its nuclear activities in exchange for economic relief.


However, in 2018, the US, under the Trump administration, unilaterally withdrew from the JCPOA, putting the agreement in jeopardy. This withdrawal strained relations between the two nations and caused a ripple effect on the global stage. Iran, feeling the economic pain of renewed sanctions, gradually scaled back its compliance with the agreement, further intensifying tensions.


President Raisi used his recent speech at the United Nations General Assembly to make a crucial plea: the US must demonstrate "goodwill and determination" to revive the Iran nuclear deal. This call comes in the wake of a prisoner exchange between Iran and the US, which can be seen as an initial step toward diplomatic engagement.


Raisi's call for goodwill should not fall on deaf ears. It is a plea for a return to the path of diplomacy and cooperation, a path that leads to greater security, not only for Iran but for the entire world. By showing goodwill, the US can rebuild trust and credibility on the international stage and set an example for diplomatic conflict resolution.


The JCPOA was designed to prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons, and it has been successful in achieving this goal when it was fully implemented. Returning to the agreement would re-establish a robust framework to monitor and limit Iran's nuclear activities, preventing the possibility of nuclear proliferation in the region.


The Middle East is plagued by conflicts and instability. Reviving the JCPOA can serve as a cornerstone for regional stability. Engaging diplomatically with Iran can open channels for dialogue on other regional issues, such as the conflicts in Yemen and Syria.


Sanctions relief provided by the JCPOA could breathe new life into Iran's economy, alleviating the economic hardships faced by its citizens. This, in turn, could contribute to a more stable and prosperous Middle East and global oil market.


Iran currently exports at least 1.5 million barrels of oil daily, a significant increase from its 2019 levels. Its total production surpasses three million barrels per day, a modest yet critical part of the 100-million-barrel-per-day oil market as it offsets reductions by other producers.


Diplomacy should always be the preferred option over military confrontation. The return to the Iran nuclear deal sends a powerful message that the US is willing to prioritize peaceful negotiations and dialogue in resolving complex international issues.

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