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Has Iran Achieved 90% Enrichment of Weapons-Grade Uranium?

In the ongoing discourse surrounding Iran's nuclear program, recent statements by Mohammad Eslami, the head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization, have ignited fresh debates. Eslami vehemently refuted Western media reports alleging an acceleration in uranium enrichment, labeling them as unfounded and suggesting that the United States was using these claims as a distraction from other critical global issues, notably the situation in the Gaza Strip.


Eslami's clarification challenges the assertions made by the US, which cited the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to claim a significant increase in Iran's production of "near weapons-grade" uranium in recent months. However, Eslami contends that Iran's current activities align with established regulations, asserting that there has been no change or expansion in their uranium enrichment activities, which continue at 60%.


The dispute regarding the definition of "near weapons-grade" uranium is pivotal in understanding the complexity of the situation. While the US claims an escalation based on the production of 60% enriched uranium, Eslami highlights that true weapons-grade uranium exceeds 90% purity, a level Iran has not attempted to reach.


Even if Iran were to increase its production rate of 60% enriched uranium, converting it to weapons-grade material poses substantial technological and logistical challenges. The process requires precision and expertise beyond Iran's demonstrated capabilities. Additionally, the sheer quantity of 90% enriched uranium needed for a basic atomic bomb is significant, and Iran's current stockpile would yield a far smaller amount after the enrichment process.


The journey from an active 60% enrichment to a functional atomic bomb involves numerous hurdles. Even if Iran hypothetically managed to navigate these obstacles, the timeline for achieving a deliverable atomic bomb would span many years, necessitating overt steps that could provoke international responses, including potential military actions.


Eslami’s perspective on the situation emphasizes the potential use of the Iranian nuclear program as a diversionary tactic. He argues that discussions about Iran's nuclear activities might serve as a strategic distraction from other pressing global concerns, particularly the conflict in the Gaza Strip.


Given the intricate technical challenges, time-consuming processes, and geopolitical repercussions associated with Iran's alleged path to nuclear armament, diplomatic resolution emerges as the prudent approach. Rather than escalating tensions through sanctions and allegations, a focus on dialogue, transparency, and engagement with international oversight bodies like the IAEA appears imperative.


The complexities and uncertainties surrounding Iran's nuclear ambitions necessitate cautious and pragmatic approaches. Emphasizing diplomacy and constructive dialogue offers a more promising avenue for addressing Western concerns, ensuring regional stability, and averting further escalation in an already volatile geopolitical landscape.



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