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G20 Summit Must Speak Out Against Ukraine War



The G20 Leaders' Summit in New Delhi on September 9 is crucial because it gives India a rare chance to manage geopolitical concerns while bolstering its position as a representative of the Global South. The war in Ukraine, an urgent subject that hangs over the proceedings, must be addressed by the world leaders as the G20 summit draws near.


The significant efforts made by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his party, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), in promoting India's G20 presidency make this year's G20 conference particularly noteworthy. However, the ongoing conflict in Ukraine clouds the G20 conference and makes it more difficult for India to foster consensus among the participating countries.


Due to Russia's withdrawal from the Black Sea Grain Initiative, developing nations in the G20 are experiencing more food insecurity. At the G20 finance ministers summit earlier this year, China and Russia prevented a consensus statement by opposing a proposal that acknowledged the severe human suffering brought on by the Ukraine conflict.


The situation is further complicated by Russian President Vladimir Putin's decision to skip the summit because of his country's "special military operation" in Ukraine. India is hesitant to publicly denounce the fight because it depends on Russian resources and is worried about the China-Russia alliance. However, France has already stated that it will not affix its signature to any joint statement that does not categorically denounce Russia's invasion of Ukraine.


The situation is made more difficult by China's absence from the summit, which crushes prospects for a diplomatic meeting between Indian Prime Minister Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping to settle on-going border problems.


India has a danger and an opportunity with the G20 Leaders' Summit. For its diplomatic and development goals to be successful and in line with its function as a bridge between the Global North and the Global South, India must carefully manage its partnerships and look for cooperation and consensus. The conflict in Ukraine, however, cannot be disregarded. The G20 summit must take a strong stand on this matter and demand an end to the bloodshed.


India's response will be highly scrutinised as France, the United States, and other nations look to India for backing in denouncing Russia's activities. Even in the face of geopolitical difficulties, the G20 conference offers an opportunity to show leadership and promote global cooperation.


The G20 should make ending the crisis in Ukraine a high priority since it not only fits with the group's objective but also demonstrates its capacity to handle world crises. It takes effective leadership to forge agreement during a crisis, and the G20 should rise to the challenge by pushing for peace in Ukraine. India will strengthen its role as a global mediator and a voice for the Global South if it can contribute to such a result.


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